At the start of the 16th century, Livorno was no more than a small fishing village and in all probability would have remained as such if the de’ Medici family had not decided to create an efficient new city on the site. Today Livorno is home to the largest port in Tuscany and one of the most important in the Mediterranean. The port is divided into two main areas: the Old Port and the New Port.

Architecturally speaking, the most interesting part in the historical center, which was least affected by wartime destruction, is the Venezia Nuova area, which was given this name because of its canals, which are similar to those in Venice.

Captains and crew can also enjoy the beautiful historical promenade, viale Italia, which runs along the coast and is set in lush vegetation. One bathing establishment that definitely deserves a visit is the famous “Scoglio della Regina”, the favourite of Maria Luisa Borbone, queen of Etruria. Another must is the Giovanni Fattori Museum in Villa Mimbelli and the Mercato delle Vettovaglie (Victuals Market), designed by the architect Badaloni in 1894.
Despite its wealth of history, Livorno is a modern city, bustling with attractions for lovers of art, music and fine food & wine (the famous cacciucco fish soup is an unforgettable experience).
And for those looking for some relaxation, just a few kilometers from the town center there are golf courses, horse riding centers and thermal spas located in National Parks, Medieval villages and internationally famous vineyards.

Distances from Livorno in kilometers:

  • Lucca 48 km
  • Pisa 25 km
  • Firenze 98 km
  • Siena 118 km
  • Cinque Terre 115 km


  • A12 Livorno – Pisa – Genoa
  • A11 Livorno – Pisa North – (Florence Coast) links to A1 Barberino di Mugello (FI) – Milan/Rome


  • Galileo Galilei (Pisa)
  • Amerigo Vespucci (Florence Peretola)

For more information on what to visit: